Themistocles Sofoules was born in Vathi, Samos, in 1860. He studied Philosophy and Archaeology in Athens and Germany. He served as an Archaeology Professor in the University of Athens. He led the unsuccessful movement to overturn the Ruler Kopasis in 1908, and returned with a movement against the Turkish army on the island, which met with success. He was declared the governor of the island and he declared the unification of the army with the Greek State. He served four time as Prime Minister of Greece, before dying in 1949.